The Battle of Britain was fought in the skies over England which placed the men and women of the RAF in a unique position. They would fight desperately for survival when on duty but then find themselves surrounded by the trappings of their civilian lives when off duty. This addition of familiar people and places added an air of unreality to the fierce summer battles.
But it also gave the pilots a chance to unwind from the pressures of constant action. During the hot summer of 1940, the front-line squadrons in South-East England found themselves flying upwards of six sorties a day. This physical strain, coupled with the emotional stress of losing their comrades was devastating. So the pilots spent their off-duty hours drinking in local pubs, carousing and singing late into the night. It was a chance to unwind, laugh, and forget the war.
But these nights spent in the pubs also created friendships and cemented the squadron together. The jokes shared, songs sung, and stories told all created a common bond that would have been impossible to form on duty. This bond gave the RAF pilots that unquantifiable, profound strength that saw them through that dangerous summer.
As I have been researching the Battle of Britain I’ve been working on a side project to locate and document the pubs that RAF pilots frequented. I’ve compiled the results in the Google Map below. In doing this, I discovered a few things:
- Pilots tended to congregate in the “locals” that were close to their airfields. But by no means did all nearby pubs became their haunts. They tended to look for places where they could raise hell without attracting the attention of their superiors.
- Although there was some intermingling, ground crew and aircrew typically used separate pubs. RAF Biggin Hill is a good example. The ground crew frequented the Old Jail Pub while the pilots went to the now famous White Hart in nearby Brasted.
- Many of the pub owners let the pilots inscribe their names in the walls and ceilings. At the Eagle in Cambridge the pilots used lighters to burn their names in the ceiling. The White Hart has a famous blackout board with the signatures of many famous RAF aces. Some pubs still have these signatures on display today.
- Several of the pubs, such as the Black Bull and The Chequers hosted both RAF pilots, and later in the war, Americans pilots of the USAAF.
- I also learned that these historic pubs and inns are closing all over England. Most of these pubs are local village pubs, with histories that stretched back hundreds of years. Unfortunately the pressures of modernization have transformed village life and many pubs like the famous Three Horseshoes don’t survive the transition.
The map is still a work in process and is by no means comprehensive. I’ve focused on the watering holes used by Fighter Command pilots during the Battle of Britain. I’ve also included a few pubs Bomber Command used and a few from later in the war where I felt the pub was historically significant.
Know of any others? Let me know in the comments.
So, who’s up for a pub crawl?